Билеты по английскому для юристов
THE WORK OF AN INVESTIGATOR , MILITIA, AN OPERATIVE AND A field-criminalist The Russian Militia was established on November 10th, 1917. Our Militia is to deal with many problems and all of them are of great importance. It is effective law enforcement, educational and preventive work that are to be in the center of activities of militia agencies at our time. Militia stations are in continuous operation of crime prevention; crime investigation and crime solution, day and night patrol service, traffic safety and problems of juvenile delinquency, organized crime and racketeering. One of the main tasks of our Militia is to improve militia-public relations; to increase public's trust and sense of security. Another problem of our Militia now is to combat modern crime, i.e. spread of drugs, drug-related crimes, crimes relating to money and terrorism. The service in the Militia is difficult and dangerous, but it is necessary and honorable, because all the militia officers are to protect life, work and rest of our people. Quite a lot of people work as investigators in the organs of the Militia or of the Prosecutor's Office. Investigation means a search. That's why the duty of an investigator is to search for the truth, for the offender, for witnesses who help to reconstruct the happening and will present evidence of it in court. The investigator must be able to make a searching inquiry into the facts surrounding the commission of the crime or economic offence, i.e. what it is, where it was, who the offender was, when, why and how he was committing the crime. The duties of the investigator together with the field-criminalist are to find, to collect and to protect evidence, such as fingerprints, footprints, and other traces of the criminal act. Every good investigator should be intelligent, competent, patient, tactful, composed, persistent and sympathetic, but he should be firm if it is necessary. He must also possess special investigative aptitudes and professional instinct. In English an operative may be called a "detective", a "plain-clothes man", a "sleuth", a "CID man". The main task of an operative is to prevent crimes and to solve them by using special means, methods and forms of fighting crimes. The quick and accurate solution of crime depends largely on the personal efforts. It also depends on his education, his intelligence and his decision- making judgements. He tries to function effectively in combating crime and to act properly under operative conditions. After graduating from the Law Academy some of our students are going to be a field-criminalists. It means that they should know Criminalistics very well because quick and accurate solution of crime will depend on their education and practical skills that is why they exert every effort to study well. They take pictures of the crime scene, make diagrams and sketches. The most interesting work is the work in fingerprinting.