Билеты по английскому для юристов
THE WORK OF A PROSECUTOR'S OFFICE The Prosecutor's Office was established in our country in May 1922. It is a system of bodies exercising general supervision over the strict and uniform observance of laws by all the ministries, organizations, officials and also by citizens. 1. Its main function is to see that all laws are correctly and uniformly applied throughout the country. 2. Its tasks are also strengthening legality and law and order as well as protecting personal rights and freedom of citizens, rights and interests of organizations, etc. 3. The law on Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation was enacted on January 2, 2000. 4. Under this law the Prosecutor's Office is headed by the Prosecutor- General who appoints prosecutors of oblasts, cities, towns, and districts. 5. The lower public prosecutors are subordinated to the higher ones. 6. The Prosecutor's Office consists of a number of departments: for supervision over lawfulness of court decisions in civil, criminal and arbitration cases, and especially in cases of juvenile delinquents: over legality in the sphere of economy and entrepreneurial activity. 7. Any citizen can complain to the Prosecutor's Office against violation of his/her rights. 8. The Prosecutor's Office protects the inviolability of a person. 9. A public prosecutor in our country is an official who has powers to exercise the highest supervision over the strict and uniform observance of laws. In performing their duties public prosecutors must be free and independent of any local bodies. 10. All public prosecutors are appointed for a term of five years. 11. A public prosecutor can be a person not younger than 25 years old, who has the higher legal education and possesses necessary moral and professional qualities. 12. The Prosecutor's Office institutes criminal proceedings. 13. Investigators ascertain the circumstances under which crimes were- committed, collect evidence against the perpetrators of crimes and their accomplices. 14. The public prosecutor brings a charge before the court in the name of the state. 15. At the trial his task is to assist the court to pass a just sentence. 16. After the trial the public prosecutor checks the sentences and judgements handed down by, the court as to their legality. 17. He has the right to enter any appeal if in his opinion the sentence or judgement is erroneous. The public prosecutor has also the right to appeal against all unlawful decisions and actions of state organs and officials.