Тексты для экзамена 11 класса
Jaws « Jaws », one of the most successful film ever produced, features a great white shark - one of the nature’s most effective killing machines. « Jaws» is also an efficient entertainment machine and a great financial success. In the film a shark terrorizes a small town by attacking swimmers. Three men , including a police chief and a professional shark killer, try to kill the shark. Steven Spielberg was twenty-six when he was selected to direct the film. For 4 years he had managed television productions and progressed to directing films. His chiller was a great success and got him the job of directing « Jaws » . Although the film was successful , its filming took twice long as originally scheduled. The delay was due to a lot of managerial problems that Spielberg had to solve. One of the first problem was the location for shooting the film. Martha’s Vineyard , a small island, was chosen because it looked very much like the fictional town. However the choice was made in the winter . What Spielberg did nit know then was that in summer , when the film was actually to take place, Martha’s Vineyard is one of the most popular places on the Atlantic Coast. Hundreds of boats enter and leave the harbour each day. The filming had to be frequently interrupted. How do you maintain suspense if a family of four is picknicking only fifty feet away from a « dramatic struggle»?’ Another managerial problem was Bruce, The machanical shark. Actually there were three sharks. Each weighed 1,5 tons and coast about $ 150,000 and each was used for different movements (right-to-left, left-to-right ) and different scenes. Thirteen technicians controlled the shark by means of long cable from a special platform. The first time out Bruce sank , the second time, the hydraulic system exploded. Only constant repairs kept Bruce in action. Planning and coordination were major managerial problems. Each day , several ships started out to sea . One ship was for Bruce. Another for the technicians. Still others were for the camera crews and actors. The travel was made six days a week from May to October. Some days they came back with no film at all. The failures were caused by Bruce, the weather and a variety of the other problems. Real sharks were hard to find; a dead one , needed for on the finale , was finally brought by plane from Florida . It hung on the dock for four days creating a powerful stench. Local people in return left dead fish at the doors of the house where the members of the cast were living. Almost everything that could go wrong did. Nevertheless , the daily trips continued until the last scenes were filmed. Spielberg never left the island. He was afraid that if he did leave , he would never come back. Finally , the job was done he left island staying firmly that he would never return. He has since directed several more films.